This page provices biographical and research summaries for our 2020 Doctoral Colloquium participants. Return to the Doctoral Colloquium webpage for more information about this year's DC program.
Questions about the Doctoral Colloquium. can be sent to the Doctoral Colloquium Chairs listed at the bottom of this page.
Biography: Patience Agabirwe is Doctoral student pursuing PhD in Information Science at the East African School of Library and Information Science (EASLIS), College of Computing and Information Science, Makerere University, Uganda. Her Doctoral Project seeks to explore the Information Practices of Students With Visual Impairment in using Digital Information Resources in Libraries of Public Universities in Uganda under the guidance of Dr Kiyingi W. George, Makerere University and Professor Jan Nolin, University of Boras. Patience is currently an Assistant Lecturer in the department of Library and Information Science, Makerere University. Before she joined the teaching profession, Patience worked in several institutions; Kyambogo University Library, Uganda Christian University, the Norwegian Library of Talking Books and Braille (internship), Norwegian Public Library (internship), MediaLT (internship). Patience holds a Master’s Degree in Library and Information Science (DILL) that was offered in collaboration between Oslo and Akershus University of Applied Sciences, Norway, Tallin University, Estonia and University of Parma, Italy and a Bachelor’s Degree in Library and Information Science from Makerere University. She is a member of the Library and Information Association of Uganda, Uganda Community Library Association. At EASLIS Patience is a member of the research group community and public sector empowerment for access use, sharing and utilisation of information for national development.
Patience has attended many conferences and presented papers related to library and information science. Her research interests are; Information Practice, Information and Society, Open Access and Open Educational Resources, Digital Libraries, Equal Access to Information and Technology, organisation of Knowledge, Public and Community Libraries.
Research: Information practices of Students with Visual Impairment in using Digital Information Resources in Libraries of Public Universities in Uganda.
The development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has ushered in Digital Information Resources (DIRs) making it possible for university Students with Visual Impairment (SWVI) to access educational materials. However, this is bedevilled by a number of challenges. So, the SWVI devise their own means to access DIRs. A qualitative exploratory multiple case study was done investigating information practices of SWVI using DIRs in two public university libraries in Uganda guided by the social model of disability. Stratified purposively, snowball and convenience sampling were used to select 20 continuing SWVI. Data was collected using interviews with open-ended questions, document analysis and observation. Transcripts were coded and analyzed using the Atlas ti v.7.5.5 software, followed by the thematic technique. Preliminary findings revealed SWVI exclusion in the utilization of DIRs through lack of user orientation, inadequate ICT facilities coupled with incompatible assistive technologies, inadequate SWVI skills, and stigma. The SWVI survive on informal assistance from peers, Google, YouTube, Plextalk device, free assistive mobile phone Apps with loud voice and magnification capabilities and proprietary unlicensed assistive technologies or trial versions. This calls for university libraries to be proactive to understand the information needs of SWVI to better plan for SWVI-based library services.
Biography: I am Faith Akiteng, an Academic librarian working at Makerere University. I have both a Bachelors and Master’s Degrees in Library and Information Science obtained from Makerere University. I have previously held positions as Law Librarian; Serials Librarian; College Librarian at the College of Business Management Sciences and College of Education and External Studies. I have also coordinated the provision and access of electronic resources for the Consortium of Uganda University Libraries (CUUL) member institutions, under the Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information (PERI), supported by the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP).
Currently, I am a doctoral student at the East African School of Library and Information Science, Makerere University in Uganda, undertaking research on “Information literacy instruction practices in Universities in Uganda: implications for Lifelong Learning” under the supervision of Professor Annemaree Lloyd from the Swedish School of Library and Information Science, University of Boras and Dr. Ruth Nalumaga from the East African School of Library and Information Science, Makerere University. I have presented papers at international conferences and published in peer–reviewed journals, with research interests in Organisation of knowledge; Information literacy; Library automation; Open access to information and Workforce planning in libraries.
Research: The ability to access, evaluate and use information efficiently and effectively is particularly crucial in a knowledge society where exponential growth of information has complicated information handling needed for academic work, civic participation, workplace efficiency and individual success. In an academic setting, teaching people to be effective users and creators of information not only advances and promotes effective information use by students who will graduate and contribute to the national development of Uganda, but also justifies university funding for subscriptions to scholarly work that supports academic study. Librarians at universities in Uganda have been at the forefront of imparting information literacy (IL) skills through the development of various programmes. However, it has been observed that students emerge from IL instruction sessions with a seemingly an inability to effectively access and use information in other academic endeavours, perhaps due to the way IL is being taught. The purpose of this study therefore is to investigate how IL is perceived and practiced at Muni University, Makerere University, Uganda Martyrs University and Uganda Christian University libraries in Uganda, with the objective of determining students’ and librarians’ perceptions of IL; analysing the current information literacy instructional practices for lifelong learning; establishing factors affecting IL instructional practices at the universities with goal of proposing interventions to enhance IL instruction. A case study research design, using a qualitative research approach will be employed. The study will employ a methodological triangulation comprising unstructured interviews for collecting data from librarians; Focus Group Discussions to be administered to undergraduate students; participant observation and document review methods respectively. Data will be analysed thematically following an inductive approach and presented through descriptive narratives using appropriate tables.
Biography: Denise Almeida is a senior privacy professional, working for a multinational technology organisation, covering global industry sectors including healthcare, marketing, market research, financial services, technology and utilities. Denise's main research interests are centred on privacy, change, ethics and AI, and algorithmic accountability, particularly around how these areas interact with social issues, such as gender, migrations and race.
Alongside her work, she is a PhD researcher in the Department of Information Studies of the University College of London (UCL), with her doctoral research centred around employees and their attitudes towards change, particularly when this change is introduced by external factors such as privacy legislation (i.e. GDPR, ePrivacy Regulation, DPA 2018, CCPA, etc.). She wants to understand how employees at all levels deal with change imposed by external factors and if demographic and geographical variables also have any influence in how they handle and process change.
Research: Exploring Information Culture: a longitudinal study of the behaviours and attitudes of staff towards data protection and information management change in an international corporate setting
The main aim of the research is to understand how willing staff are to adjust and change their attitudes and behaviours, in the context of personal data management, following the enforcement of the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in May 2018. The implementation of the GDPR provided a concrete moment in time which this study will leverage as a context for understanding change.
Utilising a multidisciplinary and longitudinal approach, qualitative and quantitative data will be collected from individuals at various stages of the research. The sample pool and organisational context will be provided by the researcher’s employment organisation, a multinational technology, digital and marketing group, which employs around 1500 individuals across 3 continents.
The multinational and multidisciplinary contexts of the research project will allow for the study of the challenges facing businesses - particularly those operating in a global legal landscape, with increased regulations on technology and privacy - whilst innovating, creating, and operating in an era of openness and collaboration. The main expected outcomes are to identify those challenges and understand how organisations overcome them, while attempting to recognise a pattern or a specific set of methods and activities that positively influence organisational change.
Biography: I am a second-year PhD student at Budapest University of Technology and Economics, PhD School in Business and Management, Department of Ergonomics and Phycology, under the supervision of Károly Hercegfi. I earned B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Industrial product design engineering. Therefore my research is close to product ergonomics. My possible thesis title is Empirical usability tests in product management using mobile eye-tracking methodology. I am seeking the possible ways of gaining information from the eye-tracking methods, which are unknown or not publicised yet. I did several researches in the subject matter, like usability tests with tangible products or eye-tracking research in an industrial environment. My main research area is mobile eye-tracking in unusual circumstances and industrial ergonomics.
Research: Nowadays, eye-tracking is a widespread methodology among researchers. It can be used for measuring consumer behaviour in the field of marketing or software and web design. Monitor integrated, and remote eye-tracker is the most common tool. However, eye-tracking glasses are also useful. Look in the literature, many kinds of research can be found in connection with mobile eye-tracking. But researches in the industrial environment are hardly findable. There are a few examples where they used eye-tracking for training, understanding search patterns or examining the effectiveness of the use of AR technology; however, this area is not sufficiently wide known. In our research, we focus on the effectiveness in a workplace during the workflow applying eye-tracking glasses. This research is a methodological experience, where we search for the usefulness of the device and the method. Six workflows were in the test, and eight people have participated. By completed the pilot research, many results were shown regarding the methodology and the workplaces too. Overall the methodology is useful in this form, but much further development can be done in the interest of improving it.
Biography: Kelley Cotter is a doctoral candidate in the Information & Media Ph.D. program at Michigan State University. Her research investigates how algorithms shape social, cultural, and political life, and vice versa. She particularly focuses on how people learn about and make sense of algorithms, and how they deploy this insight to (re)configure power relations mediated by algorithms. She also studies the impact of algorithmic platforms on political and civic life, particularly with regard to voice and representation. Her dissertation develops the concept of critical algorithmic literacy to recast algorithmic literacy as a bottom-up tool of governance and advocates for an expanded horizon of "consequential" knowledge. Kelley’s work has been published in New Media & Society, Information, Communication & Society, and the proceedings for the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI).
Research: Critical Algorithmic Literacy: World Building Around and with Algorithms
As we increasingly rely on algorithms, they shape the ways we understand ourselves and our lived realities, often reenacting existing systems of power. In my dissertation, I develop the concept of critical algorithmic literacy as a bottom-up tool of governance that can be used to confront algorithmic power. In this work, I define critical algorithmic literacy as the social practices and processes of “reading” and “writing” what algorithms “say” and “mean.” I conceive of critical algorithmic literacy as situated (Haraway, 1988), constructed within and in relation to the discursive landscape of social worlds (Clarke & Star, 2008), and involving the cultivation of a critical consciousness through deconstructing and intervening with algorithms as texts to reshape the status quo (Freire, 2000). Methodologically, I take a grounded approach and follow my object of study across two case studies and multiple genres of data. The first case explores Instagram influencers’ pursuit of visibility on the platform; the second explores partisan charges of political (algorithmic) bias in online platforms. Ultimately, with this research, I aim to reimagine what it means to know and govern algorithms, arguing for the importance of multivocality in our approaches and interventions.
Thilini Dinushani De Silva
Biography: My name is Thilini Dinushani De Silva. I am a third-year doctoral student at the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences of the Stockholm University, Sweden. I live in Sri Lanka and work as a Senior Lecturer for the Faculty of Business of NSBM Green University Town, Sri Lanka. My main supervisor is Associate Professor Sirkku Mannikko Barbutiu at the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences of the Stockholm University, Sweden and my second supervisor is Associate Professor Kutoma Wakunuma at the Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility of De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.
My thesis work is about female entrepreneurs in the beauty salon sector and their use of social media in business. As a doctoral student, I am eager to discuss my work with others, share my experiences, learn from other doctoral students, receive feedback on my work and build academic networks and find new collaborations through participating the colloquium.
I am currently reading in the third year for my PhD and have completed all compulsory course work of my Phd programme including the courses Research Methodology I and II, Academic writing, Research Ethics and Supplementary Course in Computing. When it comes to the research work, I am in the process of data collection and analysis for the ongoing research work and specifically for the second journal article of the four in total. I sincerely hope that the colloquium will be a valuable and memorable opportunity in my research career.
Research: The Use of Social Media and Female Entrepreneurs in Beauty Salons
The government of Sri Lanka sees entrepreneurship as a way of creating new job opportunities. Beauty salons have become one of the most prolific and fast-growing industries where female entrepreneurs dominate. A parallel phenomenon is the growing use of social media. However, little research has been conducted to identify how female entrepreneurs use social media and the challenges they face in adapting social media in their business strategies. The use of digital technologies is taking shape in developing countries. The ease of use and availability of such technologies have seen a rise in the use of social media particularly in both urban and rural settings which has opened opportunities for many women in developing countries to be able to use these technologies to their advantage. The rise of social media has led to changes in how entrepreneurs carry out their day to day activities. Digital technologies have made it possible for technology use to be no longer the preserve of a few in terms of their accessibility, availability and use. As a result, female entrepreneurs are now taking advantage of digital technologies afforded by social media to be able to better themselves. As the female beauty salon entrepreneurs in Sri Lanka are discovering social media and making use of the technologies in their business practices, it is of great interest to understand the new dynamics emerging in the intersection of entrepreneurship and social media use in the frame of everyday life of women in a developing country.
In light of the above, the main research question of the study is How do female entrepreneurs make use of social media in their business activities? To help answer this question, two the study incorporates three sub-questions which are:
i. What are the actual strategies used by female entrepreneurs in their business activities social media?
ii. What kind of challenges do female entrepreneurs face when using social media?
The research is using Amartaya Sen’s capability approach and Goffman’s representation of self as the theoretical framing of the study. A pilot study and an interview study were already conducted to see how female entrepreneurs in Beauty Salon industry use social media and to understand it. In future subsequent work, a series of workshops will be conducted to benefit the female entrepreneurs on the use of social media in their business. Another journal article will be based on the works shops as an action research and the final article will be written based on the data collected during the workshops and through the digital community created from the workshop’s series.
Biography: Erin DeWitt-Miller is a PhD candidate in the University of North Texas Interdisciplinary Information Science program, an Associate Librarian, and Head of the Media and Discovery Park Libraries at the University of North Texas. She is an active member of the American Library Association’s Video Round Table and the Committee of the Status of Women in Librarianship, and serves on the Board of the Video Trust organization as well as the Alexander Street Press Advisory Board. Her research interests include information seeking behavior and user interaction that involve video as an information format.
Research: Relevance is a core concept in information science and a common term in everyday use that generally refers to the usefulness of information. However, relevance has not been sufficiently or consistently defined or explored in the information science literature. Relevance criteria are the factors that information users employ when determining whether information they encounter is relevant. Identifying relevance criteria is a crucial step to understanding relevance. Relevance criteria employed with multimedia information formats like online video are especially important to study. People are increasingly likely to rely on video for information. This study seeks to identify relevance criteria employed during relevance assessments of online video. Methods include an online survey, task analysis, think aloud protocol analysis, and interviews.
Biography: Pieta Eklund is a PhD student in Library and Information Science as the Swedish School of Library and Information Science at University of Borås since 2014. Her research interest is in academic libraries and academic librarianship.
She is also an academic librarian at University of Borås with focus on services for researchers e.g. publishing services including institutional repository, Open Access questions, journal selection, basic metrics, and research data management.
The main focus of her thesis is the development of academic librarianship in relation to services for researchers. The study is based on qualitative interviews, and the current focus of thesis work is analyzing data and writing about the findings.
As an academic librarian she has been involved in developing university publishing policy and developing a guide for researchers to recognize predatory publishers and conferences. She has also been involved in writing a report on resource allocation models on bibliometric grounds at selected Swedish universities.
She can be contacted at pieta.eklund(a)hb.se
Research: Academic librarianship in flux
This thesis project focuses on the development of academic librarianship. As research environments and research processes become more complex over time, the work of researchers, and other different interconnected set of actors facilitating research, e.g. the academic librarian, becomes more dynamic opening opportunities for academic librarians to adjust their areas of work leading to possible changes in jurisdictions. Jurisdiction describes a right to make decisions regarding an area of work of a profession, thus linking a profession with an area of work.
The aim of the thesis is to understand development of academic librarianship in terms of jurisdiction in the context services for researchers. Focus is on how services for researchers are perceived as well as on challenges and opportunities in relation to services for researchers as expressed by academic librarians. Together they indicate different types of settlements of jurisdiction, and also possible changes in areas of work indicating development of academic librarianship. The empirical data consists of 24 interviews collected at a university library with three division libraries. Researchers are not included in this study.
The analysis is based on theory of the system of professions by Abbott (1988). In Abbottonian analysis, librarians’ core jurisdiction access provision. Previous research (e.g Sundin (2008), O’Connor (2009a, 2009b), Petersohn, (2014), and Petersohn (2016)), however, indicate change in education and research evaluation jurisdictions.
Biography: My name is Carin Graminius, and I am a PhD candidate in Information Studies at Lund University, Sweden. I have an academic background in various disciplines situated in the humanities, encompassing anthropology and sinology, as well as library and information studies. My research interests are varied, but center on knowledge production, including such varied practices and issues as communication, human and non-human engagements, visual flows and online scrolling, app usage, research methods and material collection. In addition, environmental issues are matters of great concern for me, and I also try to engage with them in my research. My current project sets out to explore climate change communication practices among academics, and a former project centred on everyday online information practices related to air pollution. In terms of theory, I am largely drawn to the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS), practice studies, and approaches inspired by material semiotics. I have previously published papers in the Journal of Documentation and in the PRC History Review.
Research: In my PhD thesis I investigate European climate change communication in the form of open letters produced by academics and aimed for the wider public. More specifically, the study focuses on open letter mass-collaborations – a form that has exploded over the past few years and at times attracts thousands of academic signatures. Science communication is an area that is expanding and encouraged by European governments. Likewise, the popularization of science communication has strong links to the current academic environment and wider socio-economic changes. At the same time, environmental communication is subject to controversies, disagreements about facts and courses of action, making climate and environmental issues highly charged and prompting the question of what strategies researchers use to engage in climate change communication and what motivates them to do so. Drawing on critical communication theories and autonomist Marxism, the study provides an examination of communication strategies and processes, their affective, social and cultural value, and the larger communication environment from which they arise. The overarching aim of the study is to shed light on the multiple roles science communication serves in different communication contexts and actor alignments, and to look beyond communication as purely an information conveying act.
Biography: Stefanie Havelka is a doctoral student at the Berlin School of Library and Information Science at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. She started working on her Ph.D. in 2017 and is advised by Prof. Dr. Michael Seadle. Previously Stefanie was the Web and Mobile Services Librarian/Assistant Professor at Lehman College, The City University of New York, as well as the Information Technology Manager at the Goethe-Institut New York. She holds a B.S.in Information Management from Stuttgart Media University, Germany, a Masters in Communication and Information Studies from Rutgers University, as well as a Master of Science in Library and Information Science and Certificate of Advanced Studies in Digital Libraries from Syracuse University. She has published several articles on mobile technologies, services, resources, and apps.
Stefanie would like to continue being active in research and education. Her research interests are human-computer interaction concerning privacy, information ethics, artificial intelligence in libraries, inter-cultural research in information behavior, and the shifting roles of library and information science professionals in our society.
Outside of academia, Stefanie enjoys traveling, long relaxing walks with her dog Lucy, live music, as well as swimming and yoga.
Research: Stefanie’s dissertation examines the mobile privacy paradox from an inter-cultural viewpoint. The privacy paradox is the discrepancy between privacy attitudes and actual privacy behavior. Stefanie investigated if and how American and German information science students differ in their attitudes and behaviors concerning apps and privacy on smartphones.
The purpose of her research is to address the gap in the literature by showing that her research participants' voices are an integral component to understand how and why people perceive privacy in a digital world.
Stefanie’s methodology is grounded in ethnography since culture is at the heart of the above questions. Her fieldwork allowed her to assess whether the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica privacy scandal and the new European privacy law had influenced student's mobile privacy behavior and attitude.
Stefanie’s research has revealed that there are nearly no cultural differences in mobile privacy behavior and attitude. Similar attitudes, such as mobile privacy complacency, mobile privacy learned-helplessness, and mobile privacy fatigue, seem to impact German and American students equally.
The lack of significant differences between German and American students suggests that more should be done to raise privacy awareness, especially for mobile computing, and emergent technologies such as facial recognition and AI.
Biography: Vera Hillebrand is a research assistant for the research group "Information Behavior" at the Berlin School of Library and Information Science at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. She holds both a Bachelor’s degree and a Master’s degree in Library and Information Science from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, where she has been working on her doctorate since April 2017 with Prof. Dr. Elke Greifeneder. She is responsible for Human Computer Interaction (HCI) research, and teaches classes about HCI methods and academic writing at the School. Her other areas of interest include qualitative research methodology in Usability and User Experience.
Vera presented her research on international mobility of Library and Information Science scholars at LIDA 2015 and ISI 2016. In 2018 she worked as research assistant for the Humboldt-Elsevier Advanced Data & Text Centre and since 2019, Vera is part of the Centre for Anthropological Research on Museums and Heritage (CARMAH).
Research: Despite the economy's interest in Usability and User Experience (UX) for information and communication technology (ICT), there is little research on how well this research addresses actual user groups. Research in the UX field seems to focus primarily on a target group between 18 and 40 years of age. Most studies do not address a target group over 60 years, excepting specialized research topics such as health information seeking or accessibility.
Biography: Camilla Holm is a doctoral candidate in Library and Information Science at OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway. She holds a Master in Digital Culture and Communication from Innland Norway University of Applied Sciences, where she researched and analyzed the twitter essay as a genre for dissemination of research and knowledge. As a doctorial candidate Ms. Holm conducts research on the social and aesthetic phenomena of instapoetry using a combination of digital methods (reading and analysis of data and meta data connected to the Scandinavian instapoetry hashtag #instapoesi) and more traditional humanistic approaches, such as artifact analysis and critical and thematic close readings of the poetry in question. She is researching instapoetry through a media ecological theoretical framework with a goal of understanding the phenomenon and its media ecology. She started her PhD in February 2019 and aims to be finished in February 2022. She is writing an article based dissertation and is currently working on the preliminary draft of the first article, which concerns exploring the digital traces instapoetry through a remote reading of the Scandinavian hashtag #instapoesi.
Research: My dissertation concerns researching instapoetry as a social and aesthetic phenomena, and how it is changing the place of poetry in the contemporary literary landscape. I am using a media ecological theoretical framework which sees a media ecology of something (here: instapoetry) as the dynamic interrelationship of objects, being, things, patterns, processes and matter, always in entanglement. The research methods are a combination of digital methods (reading and analysis of data and meta data connected to the Scandinavian instapoetry hashtag #instapoesi) with more traditional humanistic approaches, such as artifact analysis and critical and thematic close readings of the poetry in question. Currently, I am in the stage of my research where I am finishing up the distant reading of data from Instagram, which has both served as mapping of the instapoetry as an online phenomenon as well as a way of critically reading how the social media platform Instagram makes certain information visible and how it makes it visible. The goal of my dissertation research is to produce new knowledge about a new phenomenon, which has emerged from the crossing paths of social media and literature and literary practices.
Research: Libraries are third places that are designed to offer spaces which support formal and informal activities of its users. It is a learning environment with multi-facet spaces such as communal, quiet and collaborative spaces. However, library users have diverse needs and therefore no single space can satisfy the needs of all users, for that matter, academic libraries have redesigned and remodeled spaces to accommodate diverse users. Although these spaces are available, most of these spaces are planned and designed using librarians’ experiences with the assumption that these spaces will meet users’ requirements and needs. In an environment with different traditions of literacy and library usage as well as difference in construction features and the context in which the building exists, perception and usage of library spaces are affected differently. An ethnographic study to ascertain whether library spaces are fit for purpose by exploring users’ perception and behaviour within these spaces is timely. The present study thus aims to investigate how academic community members perceive and use library spaces in academic libraries in Uganda. For this purpose, Data was collected from four university libraries using participant observation and in-depth interviews with library users and non-library users as well as librarians.
Biography: I am a sixth year PhD student at the University of Washington Information School. The goal of my research is to identify, theorize, and apply real-world solutions in the domain of data and technology justice. In particular, I seek to understand and interpret the systems, artifacts, and infrastructures of AI supported decision making and surveillance systems and to use those insights to engage with communities affected by those systems. I am an interdisciplinary scholar trained in ethics, tech policy, and human computer interaction. I intend my work to support social justice goals and the promotion of civil and human rights. I co-direct the Critical Platform Studies group, an international research collective focused on interrogating data and information infrastructures, economies, policies, and impacts. I am also a member of the Value Sensitive Design Lab and the UW Tech Policy Lab. My supervisory committee members are Adam Moore (Chair), Ryan Calo, Batya Friedman, and Anna Lauren Hoffmann. I plan to defend my dissertation in the spring of 2020 and hope to attain a faculty position or post-doctoral fellowship for the next academic year. I live in Seattle, Washington, USA and enjoy getting outdoors, playing music, and participating in the local arts community.
Research: The topic of my dissertation is human reputation as a commodified informational process. I employ the concept of reputation as a means toward understanding consumer and citizen profiling for the purposes of automated decisions, finding that they are essentially human activities and therefore political ones that mirror more well-established human relations. I suggest that computationally-mediated profiling is the digital expression of human reputation rendered in code. The mechanics of profiling systems and the choices about how and where to implement them embody a myriad of choices that reflect specific and narrow worldviews that represent structures of social ordering and relations of power. I argue that algorithmic profiling and decision systems are designed and deployed in ways that reproduce patterns of discrimination and other forms of hierarchical injustice.
From their roots in targeted advertising, automated decision systems and the profiling techniques that support them play an increasing role in decisions about employment, housing, bail decisions, and many other domains of life. I ask, why are some behaviors datafied while others are ignored? What conclusions and insights are generated and why? Who is the audience for the results? And finally, how are the harms and benefits of such systems distributed in society?
Biography: My name is Jigya Khabar; I am a PhD candidate at the Caulfield School of Information Technology, Monash University (Australia). I describe myself as a social researcher (specifically in communications) focusing on how information is accessed and managed by people. I believe that each person knows best what they need, and that systems should support them to access that information in a way that works for them. I understand that the most significant challenges in managing information are people and process, not technology.
In my doctoral research, I am striving to explore an information and knowledge management case study of a development organization (Oxfam); which is currently working with Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh, along with other community development projects. I will be examining the impact of information culture for Oxfam in Bangladesh towards the social good of the community aiming long-term sustainability. I am conducting an ethnographic research, using qualitative methods for data collection.
Dr Gillian Oliver, who co-created the Information Culture framework, is the primary supervisor of my doctoral research. Our team also includes Dr Henry Linger and Dr Viviane Hessami.
Research: Within a typical organization, nearly half (46 percent) of the employees have reported a severe challenge in retrieving information and documents for their work; with about 83 percent confessing to recreate many existing documents as they are unable to fetch these in time from their corporate network. Poor information and knowledge management (IKM) is a silent killer of productivity for its people and the organization culture, costing a fortune to the industry. In the case of a development organization, the sustainability of the social good is directly related to the sustainability of the organization resources itself. To ensure the long-term sustainability of development organizations, it is imperative to reduce the overall cultural and economic burden associated with impairing IKM practices. This research aims to study the cultural and social factors such as institutional memories, organizational issues, and individual identities forming the culture of an organization. The findings from this research will have direct understanding and influence on information sharing and knowledge management practices of organizations within the developing sector.
Biography: Christine Kiconco is a Doctoral student at the East African School of Library and Information Science (EASLIS), Makerere University Uganda. She is a member of the Research Group “Documenting, Managing and Archiving Uganda’s Heritage for National Transformation” at EASLIS where she is perusing her PhD studies. Her research interests lie in knowledge management, records management in the ICT era, information and documentation services and information and communications technology for development. Her PhD research on “Management of Agricultural Indigenous Knowledge in Agricultural Research Organizations in Uganda” is supervised by Prof. Constant Okello-Obura (Makerere University) and Dr. Maria Lindh (University of Boras). Prior to embarking on her PhD study, she completed an M.Sc in Information Systems from Uganda Martyrs University with a Distinction. She also holds a first class Bachelor’s Degree in Library and Information Science from Makerere University. Currently, Christine is an Assistant Lecturer in the Department of Records and Archives Management at EASLIS in the College of Computing and Information Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda.
Research: It has been observed that, about 80% of the world’s population still depends on indigenous knowledge to meet their medicinal needs and at least 50% for their food supplies. In developing countries and Africa in particular, indigenous knowledge referred here as, agricultural indigenous knowledge (AIK) remains a powerful means of solving food shortage and sustaining household food security. Despite this, lack of formal management poses a great risk of its disappearance in communities. Evidence indicates continued loss of AIK in many countries [12, 21-24]. Uganda in particular faces serious threats of AIK loss as the country has the youngest population in the world [40-41]. Similarly, majority of AIK holders are illiterate with limited use of modern ICTs [42-44]. This means that, as an elder dies, AIK is lost. Although, the country’s policy framework recognizes the value of AIK [29, 34-35] and the need for the National Agricultural Research Organization to spearhead the management of AIK, its efforts to manage AIK remain obscure. Previous research reveals that, AR4D researchers were generally dismissive of AIK [19,14]. The loss of AIK could lead to serious detriments to the country’s agricultural development. My PhD research therefore seeks to; establish the efforts of AR4Ds in the management of AIK; examine AR4D researchers’ perceptions of AIK and how they influence their attitudes towards AIK management, examine how institutional context influences AIK management efforts in AR4D organizations. A mixed methods approach with a cross-sectional survey design was employed to collect data across all nine Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institutes (ZARDIs) using various methods which include an aniline survey, face-to-face interviews, non-participant observation and document review.
Biography: My name is Tong Lai, and I’m from the School of Information Management of Wuhan University (iSchool). I’m a doctoral student majoring in Library Science, my supervisor is Prof. Ruhua Huang, she is also the vice dean of our iSchool.
Since I have been keeping working on the research about Opening and Sharing Government Data in China oriented to National Big Data Strategy, a National Key Project funded by the National Social Sciences Foundation in China, my research interests include Research Data Management (RDM), Open Government Data (OGD) as well as Interagency Government Data Sharing (IGDS). Generally, I have published 9 papers on Chinese journals and 1 paper on SSCI journal Library Hi Tech of information science.
I have actively participated in the activities of iSchool for several times. In 2018, my poster was accepted for presentation at iConference 2018. In the previous iConference 2017 held in Wuhan iSchool, I was selected as the Student Volunteer. I also attended iSchool Asia-Pacific Chapter Annual Meeting 2017 in Hong Kong in December 2017 and ICADL 2019 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Such academic events are important and useful to communicate with peers from global departments to get new ideas and expand knowledge.
I really cherish the opportunity for attending doctoral colloquium of iConference 2020. A variety of perspectives that can help with strengthening and shaping my research design. At the same time, there is possibility to meet fellow PhD students, academics and professors, in order to build networks for further collaboration activities.
Research: In response to the rapid growth of global Open Government Data movements, this research aims to study the utilization behavior of Open Government Data users in China. Combined with literature review, semi-structured interview and questionnaire and statistical analysis, this research intend to identify the motivations and impacting factors of OGD utilization behavior. Motivation model and elaboration likelihood model are selected to construct the model and propose research hypothesis. The research intends to solve 4 research questions, (1) motivation for the use of OGD users in China; (2) impacting factors of the use of OGD users in China; (3) different features of different user groups; and (4) Incentives to promote the utilization of OGD in China. This research is of interests to not only data management academics, but also to politicians and government data professionals. Also, this research provides an overview on the OGD development in China and offers useful insights can be shared across international borders.
Biography: Wan-Chen is a PhD candidate at the University of Washington Information School. Her research interests are: knowledge organization, classification theory, culture and classification, globalization and localization of cataloging and classification standards, and metadata. Wan-Chen holds a BA in Library and Information Science from National Taiwan University. She received her MLIS degree in 2014 from the University of Washington. In the same year, she started her doctoral studies and became a PhD candidate in 2017. She defended her dissertation proposal in 2019. The provisional dissertation title is: operationalizing cultural warrant in knowledge organization.
Research: My research goal is making the knowledge organization process more hospitable to different perspectives. With an interest in studying cultural influences, ethical concerns, and global-local tension in KO, I have proposed a working definition of culture in the KO context based on literature review, investigated the challenges and considerations of adapting foreign classification standards, and identified challenges for developing multi-perspective classification. Through an ethnographic study of cultural influences in cataloging practices, I have captured cataloging practices that requires prolonged engagement to study and draws out themes from multiple scenarios. Also, I have explored the subject ontogeny (i.e., the life of a subject over time) of Eugenics in classification schemes in Taiwan and Japan. The studies present cases of scheme change over time, compare KO standards in different cultures, and highlight the differences between the design and application of KO standards. I also collaborate with the Game Research Group at the UW iSchool to study metadata for video games and anime. The studies above are the foundation of my dissertation: Operationalizing Cultural Warrant in Knowledge Organization.
Biography: Yingya Li is a Ph.D. student in the School of Information Studies at Syracuse University. She is broadly interested in natural language processing and computational social science. Before joining the iSchool doctoral program, she earned her M.A. in Linguistic Studies at Syracuse University.
Research: Her research goal is to apply language techniques to solve problems related to information access, quality, and sharing as well as to develop prediction models to support human decision-making, especially in the domain of health and biomedicine. In order to pursue this goal, she invokes approaches from text mining, machine learning, health and science communication.
The current project she is doing tries to understand the language that various stakeholders use for describing health-related recommendations when reporting science findings and extrapolating clinical implications. It aims to develop computational models to automatically identify the language constructs and to identify exaggeration of health advice in science propagation. Once the misleading health advice is automatically identified, the detection tool can be potentially delivered to users through tools like website add-ons or chatbots, in order to “nudge” users for more attention to information quality assessment.
Biography: Hana studied Information science at the J. J. Strossmayer University in Osijek. During her studies she was involved in volunteer work with libraries accross Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and worked as an intern in an IT company Betaware. After graduation Hana spent three months in Ljubljana City Library in Ljubljana, Slovenia with Erasmus+ traineeships. She then landed a valuable one year internship at the Ruđer Bošković Institute Centre for Scientific Informationwhere she was involved in Centres library webpage administration, administration of the institutional repository FULIR and of the online national scientific bibliography CROSBI. She was a part of a number of other interesting projects, and had learned and organized events on topics of open science, open access and open research. The following year and a hlaf Hana spent working as a librarian in Zagreb City Libraries where she recieved training in subject indexing.
Other aspects of her life include interest in music and various activities such as volunteering for the small but lively dog shelter located in Nemetin near Osijek, Croatia and work with the elderly. Hana is a part of the international movement Focolare and affectionado of the inter-religious dialogue.
Research: My interests include social media studies, questions of identity in social media, privacy and personal information management. The topic of my thesis is Social media and the human condition and it deals with the way young adults talk about their identities and identity work in relation to data as behavioural surplus. I am interested in how monetization of behevioural surplus might be related to identity construction and how discourses are formed as a result. I am further concerned with how social media environments are shaped and changed by data manipulation and the notion of nudging, wanting to relate how all of these occurences relate to the individual and their perceptions of self.
In my previous research as a Master student and in the years after graduation I have been involved in personal information management studies and the subject of creating, storing and preservation of personal digital objects. This has resulted in several published articles, workshops and lectures as well as participations in international conferences like Libraries In The Digital Age (LIDA) and CoLIS.
Biography: Andrea Muzzarelli (Bologna, 1975) holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Economics (University of Bologna, 2001) and a Master’s Degree in Library and Information Studies (University College Dublin, 2017).
After working for fifteen years in the publishing sector as an editor and journalist, he is currently a PhD Candidate in Information and Communication Studies at UCD, where he also works as a teaching assistant and tutor. His research project is focused on the information practices supporting educational activities for sustainability and resilience.
He is the author of The Wounded Healer (2014), an intellectual biography of Italian physician and psychologist Renzo Canestrari (1924-2017).
Research: This ethnographic study aims to explore the information practices supporting the Educational for Sustainability (EfS) projects of the award-winning Irish ecovillage of Cloughjordan.
In spite of being the second country in the world to have declared a state of climate and biodiversity emergency, the Republic of Ireland is unlikely to meet its national, EU and international obligations (Climate Change Advisory Council, 2018). The Irish government must be held accountable for such obligations, but it would be delusional to think that political top-down initiatives alone can be sufficient to meet all climate goals. In a more realistic scenario, climate mitigation and adaptation are more likely “to proceed in partial, capillary, oblique, and emergent fashion” (Nordhaus, 2019, p. 78). It is in relation to this context that the potential of bottom-up initiatives like ecovillages, promoting sociocultural innovations based on sustainability and resilience, becomes particularly relevant.
With growing evidence that such innovations can be incorporated successfully into the larger society (Landholm et al., 2019), this project will (a) shed light on how to improve and translate EfS initiatives outside the ecovillage, and (b) offer new insights on the sociocultural dimension of information to the field of LIS.
Biography: I am an Assistant Lecturer at Makerere University, Uganda in the department of library and information science, east African school of library and information science, college of computing and information sciences.
I am currently a doctoral student at Makerere University. My research topic is, “Developing a reading culture among pupils in Buikwe and Jinja communities”. I also hold a master of science in information science degree of Makerere University and a bachelor of arts in mass communication degree of Uganda Christian University.
I have worked with Mukono district information office, Uganda Christian University, and International Christian Medical Institute in Mukono as the librarian before joining Makerere University in 2012. I have also served as the treasurer for the Uganda Library and Information Association (ULIA) for two years.
At Makerere University, I am involved in teaching different courses in library and information science, assessing students, undergraduate research supervision and internship supervision among other responsibilities. I am passionate about libraries and information science work.
I am married to Reverend Captain Wilson Konde and God has blessed us with two children.
Research: The aim of the study is to examine the reading culture among pupils in Buikwe and Jinja communities so as to propose strategies for developing a reading culture in the two communities.
A community library is a hub for literature, learning and education and other vital community activities and services that a community needs to access. Community libraries enrich the lives of people within a given community by ensuring access to ideas, information and entertainment available from a variety of resources including books among others. Development of a reading culture among pupils in any community to a large extent depends on the availability of information through the community libraries.
The study will randomly select pupils from primary schools who visit the two community libraries namely Caezaria Public Library located in Buikwe District and Nambi Sseppuuya Community Resource Centre located in Jinja District. This research will employ a case study design and will adopt a qualitative research approach. The population for this study will be 1,055 pupils and the sample size will be 105 pupils, 2 librarians and 15 teachers. Data will be collected using participant observation, interviews and focus group discussions.
Biography: Jenna Nemec-Loise is Director of Library and Information Literacy at North Shore Country Day, a junior kindergarten through 12th grade college preparatory school in Winnetka, Illinois. Her degrees include a Bachelor of Arts in English (1994) from St. Norbert College in DePere, Wisconsin, and a Master of Library and Information Science (2003) from Dominican University in River Forest, Illinois. Since 2000, Jenna has worked in both school and public libraries, taught graduate library and information science courses, and published extensively on the topics of youth librarianship and youth library advocacy.
As a current doctoral student at Dominican University, Jenna counts international school librarianship, global information literacy policy, and the information behavior of preschool children among her research interests. Now in the pre-proposal stage, her dissertation is titled Delving Differently: A Human Development Approach to School Library Impact. She expects to earn her Doctor of Philosophy in 2021 under the guidance and mentorship of dissertation chair Sujin Huggins, Associate Professor, School of Information Studies.
Research: Since 1993, more than half of U.S. states have commissioned noteworthy impact studies to assert the purpose and value of strong and meaningful school librarianship and advocate for sustained funding at local, state, and national levels. Collectively, these studies have produced a large body of research proclaiming the same results: School libraries and school librarians enhance students’ academic achievement and boosts their literacy experiences. Despite this evidence, United States school library programs in are crisis, facing reduction and elimination at alarming rates.
The purpose of this quantitative study is to explore the definition of school library impact as understood and operationalized by international school library scholars. Research questions include the following:
1. How do international school library scholars define school library impact?
2. What might school library impact become if viewed through the lens of global human development?
Positioned in a framework that includes Daniel Wagner’s learning as development model, Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, and philosophical-analytic metatheory, this exploration is guided by content analysis of international school library impact studies conducted in Anglophone countries. Klaus Krippendorff’s Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology, 4th edition, serves as the primary resource for study structure.
Biography: Ana Roeschley is a doctoral candidate in the College of Information at the University of North Texas. After receiving her BA in English from the University of Texas at Austin, she went on to earn an MS in Library and Information Science and an MA in History from Simmons College. She has recently served as the president of the University of North Texas Chapter of ASIS&T for two years and was named as a winner of the ASIS&T New Leaders Award (2018-2020). Ana’s research interests include digital archives and libraries, collective memory, digital humanities, and participatory archival culture.
Research: This dissertation project is an exploratory study of event-based mediated participatory archive projects and their purpose in institutional archives. This study examines how participatory archive initiatives led by professional archives staff connect individual contributors to both institutional archives and to their communities. Through a combination of primary source data analysis and ethnographic field data collection and analysis, this project will investigate the ties between archival institutions, communities, records, and memory in participatory archive initiatives. Using Bastian’s (2003) community of records framework, I aim to examine how ordinary people and staff in archival institutions use event-based mediated participatory archive projects to create meaning, memory, and relationships based on personal and community records.
Biography: Marco Schirone is a PhD student pursuing a doctoral degree at the Swedish School of Library and Information Science (University of Borås) with focus on informetrics. His PhD thesis—by the working title A Bourdieusian Approach to the Informetric Study of Emerging Fields: The Case of Sustainability Science—is written under the supervision of associate prof. Björn Hammarfelt (principal supervisor), Dr Gustaf Nelhans and associate prof. Helena Francke. His PhD project is a collaboration between the University of Borås and Chalmers University of Technology (Department of Communication and Learning in Science), where Marco works part-time as an information literacy librarian. In this capacity, he is involved in various teaching interventions in the areas of information retrieval, scholarly communication, and critical assessment of information sources at both undergraduate and graduate level. Marco has an academic background in library and information science (M.Sc. with distinction from the University of Borås), as well as an M.A. in philosophy from the University of London (Birkbeck College), and an undergraduate degree cum laude, also in philosophy, from the University of Bari, Italy.
Research: Marco’s main research interest is the intertwining of theories and methods typical for a quantitative subfield of information science—infometrics—and the sociology of science. With a standpoint in the theoretical and methodological toolbox offered by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, his doctoral dissertation aims to apply new theoretical perspectives and methods to the informetric study of emerging research fields. Such methods will be addressed, in particular, to the study of sustainability science.
The PhD thesis is planned to comprise three separated studies, the first of which is a critical review of the informetric literature that cites Bourdieu’s works. Beside mapping relevant publications, the review aims to contribute to the further development of a Bourdieusian approach in informetrics. The second study focuses on the publication and citation patterns in sustainability science and how they can be studied through a Bourdieusian lens. Finally, the last part of the dissertation is planned as a drill-down on one specific research network expressly dedicated to the study of sustainability. The bulk of methods in the thesis derive from the informetric tradition. However, the third study includes also qualitative methods such as the focus group interview of the researchers, besides the bibliometric study of their publications.
Biography: Asif Shaikh, is a doctoral candidate at the School of Information, Florida State University. His research interests focus on issues of information security and policy. His dissertation aims to explore socio-technical factors that impact security environment of complex organizations. He is at the data collection and analysis stage. I expect to graduate in the fall of 2020. I am confident that my participation will help in developing a strong foundation for my research it will bring quality changes in both my personal and professional capacity. He is open-minded and ready to network with colleagues at all levels and engage in reflective thought.
In addition to his doctoral pursuit, he has also done several certifications that include Project Management Professional (PMP), Multi-cultural Marketing Communication, and Global Partner & Pathways in Professional and Human Services. He is currently a Graduate Leading Instructor and teaches IT Project and Data Analytics courses. His teaching interests are information security, business intelligence, IT Project Management and more. Prior to his doctoral studies, as a professional, he has worked for an airline as Regional Manager, Operations Consultant, and Project Lead FIRRE (Fraud Initiative Rating and Rules Engine) with the State of Florida.
Research: Asif Shaikh, is a doctoral candidate at the School of Information, Florida State University. His research interests focus on issues of information security and policy.
His research is at the intersection of Unauthorized IT, Information Security, and Personally Identifiable Information (PII) Fraud. His overall research aim is to integrate social science theories, quantitative and qualitative empirical methods, and computational techniques to understand and design socio-technical systems. He has also worked on and has an interest in user information behavior, behavioral cybersecurity, human-computer interaction (HCI), organizational innovation, and data/business analytics.
His research builds on our knowledge of information science & systems and informal information technology use, and of interaction with the computer, to develop a better understanding of ID fraud. He also conducts research that examines the social factors that contribute to the development of infrastructure for protecting the sensitive data assets, and preventing data leaking, sharing, and reusing. This work makes practical and theoretical contributions to the fields of related to overall information systems security.
To be specific, his work combines theories, models and frameworks from the fields of Information systems, human-computer interaction, criminology, and organizational studies to understand technically and socially integrated factors that impact the development of employee behaviors than may impact the information security of complex organizations.
Rifat Ara Shams
Biography: Rifat Ara Shams is a PhD researcher under the Faculty of Information Technology at Monash University, Australia. Her research area is “Human Values in Mobile Apps” under the supervision of Professor Jon Whittle, Associate Professor Gillian Oliver and Dr. Waqar Hussain. She is currently working on the values of female farmers in rural Bangladesh and embedding those into mobile apps. She is a member of Monash’s VBSE lab https://www.ovislab.net/team/davoud-mougouei-2/and involved in PROTIC, a joint project of Monash University and Oxfam in Bangladesh https://www.monash.edu/it/protic/hdr-students.
Prior to coming to Monash, she was a faculty member in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. She achieved the “Young Scientist” award in Annual Research Meet 2016 arranged by Venus International Foundation, India for her contribution to the field of Computer Science.
It is her long cherished dream to do something for women in Bangladesh and it is her belief that doing extensive research on women empowerment through technology is the best way to achieve that. She wants to continue her career as a researcher and serve the people of Bangladesh through her knowledge, skill and expertise.
Research: Sustainable development is a key national agenda for developing countries nowadays. There are many social factors such as human values, that are responsible to create sustainable communities using technology. This project works for the sustainable development of poor, marginalized and vulnerable people in Bangladesh by using mobile phones based on their values. Particularly, this project targets the female farmers in rural Bangladesh. The motivation of conducting this research came from a project named PROTIC (Participatory Research and Ownership with Technology, Information and Change) of Oxfam in Bangladesh in collaboration with Monash University that works for the sustainable development of the marginalized women in agriculture in Bangladesh by providing a mobile information system that will accelerate their economic stability and empowerment. To achieve the goal on sustainable development of female farmers in rural Bangladesh, I am investigating their values, exploring to what extent existing agriculture mobile applications meet their values and expecting to provide guidelines on how to integrate their values in applications. As outcome, this research aims to build sustainable female farmers’ communities by using their values-based agriculture mobile applications.
Kristofer Rolf Söderström
Biography: Kristofer Rolf Söderström is a doctoral student at Lund University at the Department of Arts and Cultural Sciences. His project analyses contemporary Big Science facilities and its users, and how they affect the patterns of collaboration and productivity in the natural sciences, with a quantitative approach using statistical analysis and methods from machine learning on bibliometric data and user data. He holds a M.Sc. in Economic Growth, Innovation and Spatial Dynamics from the Department of Economic History at Lund University.
Research: The project analyses, quantitatively, the role of contemporary big science facilities on the transformation of patterns of scientific collaboration and productivity in science. These facilities are characterized as large scientific facilities – big machines—used by ordinary scientists and groups of scientists as part of their ordinary research – small science. It aims to contribute to the premise that big machines are generic resources, are significant enough to give rise to new patterns of collaboration, promote interdisciplinary and inter-institutional research efforts and to positively impact scientific output and quality using statistical analysis on bibliometric data and user data. The project is currently exploring available data with approaches based on scientometrics and data science, e.g. text analysis of scientific abstracts.
Biography: Jennifer Thoegersen is a PhD student at Oslo Metropolitan University. Prior to beginning her PhD program in 2019, Jennifer worked for 5 years as a Data Curation Librarian at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where she consulted with researchers on data management issues and contributed to the preservation of digital assets. In 2013, she contributed to the open source digital library project Greenstone as part of a U.S. Fulbright fellowship at the University of Waikato. She earned her MLIS through an Erasmus Mundus Joint Master program between Oslo Metropolitan University, Tallinn University, and the University of Parma. The supervisors for her PhD project are Pia Borlund (main supervisor) and Lisa Federer (co-supervisor).
Research: The provisional title for Jennifer’s dissertation is Researcher Data Repository Selection in the United States. This project will look at the guidance on data repository selection provided to U.S. researchers by the major players in the data sharing ecosystem and explore how researchers ultimately select a data repository to publicly share their research data. This knowledge will help academic libraries as they continue to support researchers’ data management needs.
The aim is to answer the following questions: 1) How are researchers at U.S. universities guided in their selection of an appropriate data repository for the public accessibility and archiving of datasets, and 2) How do these researchers select a repository for the public access and archiving of a dataset?
The project will include a document analysis of the online data sharing guidance provided by funding agencies, journal publishers, and libraries as well as a survey of and interviews with researchers at U.S. universities. The survey will serve both to investigate factors influencing data sharing behavior and to identify potential participants for the interviews, which will focus on the researchers’ data sharing experiences, how they make data sharing decisions, and how and where they seek guidance.
Biography: Alex Urban is a PhD student from the School of Information Science and Learning Technologies at the University of Missouri. His research focuses on user experiences in immersive virtual environments, investigating how users search for and utilize information in narrative spaces. This research is driven by the goal to create engaging student experiences that promote inquiry. As an interdisciplinary researcher, he draws from the fields of information science, human-computer interaction, literary theory, and educational psychology.
In addition to pursuing his doctoral studies, Alex is an instructional designer who works with subject matter experts to create online courses. Alex has also worked in information technology training and taught abroad as a Fulbright English Teaching Assistant. He also holds a Bachelor of Arts in History and Russian from Michigan State University and a Master of Science in Learning Technologies and Design from the University of Missouri.
Research: Video games draw upon the ludic nature of the search process, and these virtual environments are often filled with objects that distribute narrative. Although a game’s narrative arc may dictate many elements of user behavior, the meaning a user ascribes to an object and the information it conveys may vary widely. As video games are being adopted in classrooms for their literary merit, designers and educators may benefit from understanding how players find and experience objects in virtual environments; a student’s “reading” of a game may be intertwined with how he discovers information within it.
In this first of three case studies on information behavior in narrative spaces, I observe player actions in a story-rich virtual world followed by semi-structured interviews using virtual artifacts and stimulated recall. I then conduct an interpretive phenomenological analysis of the interview transcripts. By uncovering the essence of object experiences in narrative spaces, this study may aid designers in creating virtual spaces that allow players (and, potentially, students) to find instructional content without disrupting literary experiences.
Elisa Tattersall Wallin
Biography: Elisa Tattersall Wallin is a doctoral student at the Swedish School of Library and Information Science, University of Borås. Her research is about audiobook reading practices, focusing particularly subscription-services, young adults and temporality. The first article for her thesis was recently published in New Media & Society. Tattersall Wallin holds an MSc in Library and Information Science from the University of Borås, Sweden, as well as an MA in Theatre Studies from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. She has previously worked as a public librarian for immigrants and asylum seekers as well as for children and young people, developing and working on library services such as language cafés, storytimes, reading promotion as well as information seeking support and library outreach.Alongside her doctoral research, Tattersall Wallin is also a lecturer on the Bachelor and Master’s programmes in Library and Information Science, supervising thesis students and teaching topics related to reading and digital books. Tattersall Wallin is estimated to complete her PhD project by the end of 2021.
Research: As analogue media have been remediated into digital form and available at any time on platform accounts, new practices are emerging. So also in the infrastructure of reading, which is witnessing significant changes. This PhD project explores one of these changes, namely the introduction of subscription-services for digital audiobooks. These have increased considerably in popularity in recent years, not least in Sweden where this study is set. At the focus of this thesis are 18-20 year olds and their reading practices of audiobooks using subscription-services, with a particular emphasis on the temporal and spatial aspects of their reading. Findings from this project reveal that young users of subscription-services spend a significant time each day listening to audiobooks, with young men listening the most with an average of 100 minutes per day. The findings also indicate a change in the times and places where reading is carried out, probably due to the different mobility offered by subscription-based audiobooks. However, the use of audiobooks is not always acknowledged as real reading. Here it is studied as a reading practice, and the concept reading by listening is introduced to talk about reading when it is done by ear.
Biography: Seren Wendelken is a PhD Candidate with Community, Organisational and Social Informatics at Monash University in Australia. Her research explores ideas of liminality in recordkeeping theory and practice. She is particularly interested to utilise methodological approaches which illuminate the everyday, such as institutional ethnography. Concepts of narrative, identity, memory, rights and records creation are a feature of her current research project.
Research: The aim of my research is to understand the information culture(s) of professionals who support the provision of special rights for New Zealand primary school children. The research is situated from the standpoint of Special Education Needs Co-ordinators (SENCos)/Learning Support Co-ordinators (LSC) who work at the nexus between intra- and extra-school professionals to facilitate the delivery of care and services for children. The research adopts the theoretical and philosophical constructs and praxis models of institutional ethnography to uncover the process and value of records creation to the everyday life of the child. My research also explores the centrality of records creation to the determination of everyday life experience with reference to the records continuum model and concepts of narrativity.
Biography: Qunfang Wu is a fourth-year doctoral candidate in the School of Information Studies at Syracuse University. Her supervisor is Dr. Bryan Semaan, who is an assistant professor in the School of Information Studies at Syracuse University. She received her bachelor’s and master’s degrees at Peking University, China. Her research lies in the areas of human-computer interaction and social computing. She is interested in the intersection between technology and human security, that is, what makes people feel threatened or unsafe in their everyday lives, and how people take charge of their own well-being using technologies. Her dissertation work is “Understanding People’s Fear of Crime Disclosure and Management Behaviors in the Technology-Mediated Context”, which will investigate how people’s fear of crime is disclosed, managed and shaped by ICTs (information and communications technologies), such as Reddit, Facebook, and Nextdoor. She has published both conference and journal papers in iConference, the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing (CSCW), the International Conference on Digital Government Research, ACM Transactions on Social Computing, etc.
Research: “Fear of crime” is a negative emotional reaction arising from crime or anticipated crime. People are widely experiencing fear of crime, which adversely affects their health and wellbeing. ICTs (information and communications technologies) have been developed and studied for preventing crimes and improving safety. However, it is still not clear about how people form and disclose fear of crime in daily life, how they manage fear of crime using ICTs, and whether ICTs mitigate or intensify people’s fear of crime. To fill the gap, two research questions are proposed. RQ1: How do people disclose fear of crime in online communities? RQ2: How do people manage fear of crime using ICTs in daily life? To address RQ1, crime-related discussions will be collected from online communities (i.e., Reddit). Sentiment analysis and content analysis will be conducted to understand how people disclose fear of crime. To address RQ2, an interview study will be conducted to understand people’s daily experiences of fear of crime and what they do with fear of crime using technologies. The research will expand the knowledge about conceptualizing fear of crime in the technology-mediated context and suggest effective technology designs to better manage people’s fear of crime.
Biography: Dydimus Zengenene is a second-year doctoral student in Information Studies at the Department of ALM, Uppsala University. He is a fellow of the Participatory Memory Practices (POEM) project funded by Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant under European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. POEM aims to investigate concepts, strategies and media infrastructures for envisioning socially inclusive potential futures of European societies through culture. Zengenene’s research focuses on how networks of participation in memory work can be understood and managed. He received a joint Master’s degree in Digital Library Learning (DILL) from Oslo Metropolitan University (Norway), Tallinn University (Estonia) and University of Parma (Italy). He also holds BSc in Library and Information Science from the National University of Science and Technology (Zimbabwe). His research interests include participatory memory practices, open knowledge, online communities, digital infrastructures and knowledge management.
Research: Managing Participatory Ecologies in Memory Modalities
The project aims to explore and understand how sustainable online networks are constructed and sustained through participatory memory practices as facilitated by new media infrastructures in online environments. It seeks to investigate the resources, people and practices that constitute online ecologies with a view of envisioning future sustainable online ecologies and how they can be managed. Using a case-based approach, the study focuses on the role of institutions, infrastructures, policies and community members in creating sustainable online ecologies. The study uses web data, interviews and documents to understand the complex relations among and between resources, people and practices which constitute online ecologies. The ultimate aim is to develop theories and methodologies of sustainably and constructively managing the complex entanglements of online communities and resources.
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